Hunger In India
INDIA,with a population of over 1.2 billion ,has seen tremendous growth in the past two decades.GDP has 4.5 times and percapital consumption has increase 3 times.Similarly food grain production has increased almost 2 times.However,despite phenomenal industrial and economics growth and while India produces sufficient food to feed its population,its is unable to provide access to food to a large number of people,especially women and children.
State Hunger In India
ACCORDING to FAQ estimates in The State Of Food Insecurity in the world,2016 report,194.6 million people are undernourished in India.By this measure India is a home to a quarter of the undernourished population in world.Also 48% of women between 15 to 49 years of age are anemic WHO report on prevalence of anemic and 44% of children under 5 are underweight.Malnourished children have a higher risk of death from common childhood illnesses such as diarrhea,pneumonia,and malaria.The Global Hunger Index 2016 rank India at 97 out of 118 countries on the basis of three leading indicators prevalence of wasting and stunting in children under 5 years, under 5 child mortality rate, and the proportion of undernourished in the population.
Food Loss & Food Waste
ON Other Hand,it is estimated that nearly one 3rd of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted. 40% of the fruits and vegetables,30% of cereals that are produced are lost due to inefficient supply chain management and do not reach the consumer markets.
While the level of the food losses occur upstream,at harvest handling,a lot